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Varicose veins

Chronic venous insufficiency, commonly called varicose veins, belongs to a group of diseases associated with hindered blood outflow from lower limbs. While the associated cosmetic defect - telangiectasia (spider veins) does not raise any concern initially, it should be remembered that this is a disease which, if left untreated, can lead to serious consequences. Varicose veins increase the likelihood of blood clot occurrence, which, detached from the wall of a blood vessel can reach the lungs and cause life-threatening embolism.

Symptoms

Swelling of the legs, feeling of heaviness, itching, night cramps are the basic symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. The disease develops slowly. Complaints are common after a day of work in a standing position, long journeys, and in women also during pregnancy and the final phase of the menstrual cycle.
Determination of the disease severity is made upon doctor's consultation and special diagnostic examinations demonstrating the blood flow and disturbances in the venous system, such as the Doppler ultrasound assessing the efficiency of the valves, the condition of the veins and the blood flow.

Venous insufficiency forms

Telangiectasia - the so-called spider veins - are elongated and extended venous plexuses of small diameter. Most often they are subcutaneous and intradermal, found under knees and on the side of the thigh. They are visible through the skin as a blue-red or purple blood vessel fine lines.
Varicose veins of shins - enlarged, twisted shin veins. They are caused by excessive pressure in the venous system, which leads to the venous valve failure.




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